plants Plants

Justicia Acanthaceae
Justicia pectoralis (var. stenophylla)
Waikas of Orinoco headwaters in Venezuela add dried and pulverized leaves of this herb to their Virola-snuff. Intensely aromatic smelling leaves probably contain tryptamines (Schultes [1977]). Plants are available from Hoti Products or ..Of the jungle.
Aizoaceae
Delosperma
Contains DMT and N-methyltryptamine (Rivier & Pilet [1971]).
Alariaceae
Ecklonia maxima
Crouch et al [1992] reported finding DMT in brown seaweed extract sold as Kelpak and intended to be used as a plant fertilizer. However, subsequent analysis by Gartz [1991] suggests none is present.
Apocynaceae
Prestonia amazonica (?)
May contain DMT but the specimen used may have been misidentified ([Smith 1977]).
Cactaceae
Echinocereus salm-dyckianus, triglochidiatus
These cacti growing in Mexico are known to Tarahumare Indians as peyote or hikuli and used in their festivals. E. triglochidiatus contains a tryptamine derivative, possibly 5-MeO-DMT (Bye 1979). E. salm-dyckianus is also supposed to contain tryptamines according to Horus Botanicals catalog 1992.
Trichocereus terscheckii "Cardon grande"
DMT has been isolated from this species growing in North-Western Argentina (Schultes & Hofmann [1979] p58).
Caesalpininaceae
Petalostylis cassiodies
Leaves and stem contain 0.4-0.5% tryptamine, DMT and other alkaloids (Johns et al [1966]).
Fabaceae
Desmodium gangetium, gyrans, tiliaefolium, triflorum
Leaves, root, stem and seeds contain DMT and 0.06% 5-MeO-DMT of wet weight (Banerjee & Ghosal [1969]).
Lespedeza bicolor
Leaves and root contain DMT and 5-MeO-DMT (Smith [1977]). Seeds of this hardy perennial shrub are available from ..Of the jungle for $5.
Mucuna pruriens
Leaves, stem and fruit of this jungle vine contains DMT and 5-MeO-DMT (Ghosal et al [1971]). Seeds are available from ..Of the jungle for $5.
Phyllodium pulchellum
Dried plant material produced 0.2% 5-MeO-DMT and small amounts of DMT (Ghosal & Mukherjee [1966]).
Mimosaceae
Anadenanthera (Piptandenia) colubrina, contorta, excelsa, macrocarpa, peregrina
Black beans from these trees are toasted, pulverized and mixed with ashes or calcined shells to make psychedelic snuff called yopo by Indians in Orinoco basin in Colombia, Venezuela and possibly in southern part of Brasilian Amazon. Yopo is blown into the nostrils through bamboo tubes or snuffed by birdbone tubes. The trees grow in open plain areas, and leaves, bark and seeds contain DMT, 5-MeO-DMT and related compounds (Schultes [1976], [1977]; Pachter et al [1959]; Phytochem 11, 737).
Acacia confusa, jurema, maidenii, niopo, nubica, phlebophylla, polycantha subsp. campylacantha, senegal, simplex, tortilis
Dried A. confusa stems contain 0.04% N-methyltryptamine and 0.02% DMT (Arthur et al [1967]). The dried leaves of A. phlebophylla contain 0.3% DMT(Rovelli & Vaughan 1967). The bark of A. maidenii contains 0.6% of N-methyltryptamine and DMT in the proportions approx. 2:3 (Fitzgerald & Sioumis [1965]). A. simplex also contains DMT (Poupat et al [1976]). Several Sudanese species have DMT (Wahba & Elkheir [1975]). Seeds of several acacia species are available from ..Of the jungle.
Desmanthus illinoensis "Illinois Bundleflower"
Thompson et al report that the root bark of this North American perennial shrub contains 0.34% DMT and 0.11% N-methyltryptamine. The bark accounts for about a half of the total weight of the roots. The plant should be resistant to cold and draught and easy to grow. ..Of the Jungle sells D. illinoensis seeds and dried roots (seed packet $3, 7 grams $10, oz $25; roots 4 oz $15, pound $50). Seeds are also available from more main-stream mail-order houses.
Mimosa scabrella, tenuiflora (= hostilis) "tepescohuite", verrucosa
The roots of M. hostilis, which is not the common houseplant M. pudica ("sensitive plant"), contain 0.57% DMT and are used by Indians of Pernambuso State in Brazil as part of their Yurema cult (Pachter et al [1959], Schultes [1977], (Meckes-Lozoya et al [1990]). M. scabrella contains DMT and N-methyltryptamine (De Moraes et al [1990]). Bark of M. verrucosa also contains DMT (Smith [1977]).
Testulea gabonensis
Contains DMT (Leboeuf et al [1977]).

Acacias, especially A. maidenii (Maiden's Wattle) and A. phlebophylla (Buffalo Sallow Wattle), are particularly interesting:

A.maidenii grows up to 15m tall. Its phyllodes (acacia version of leaves) grow to 20 cm long and 1 to 3 cm wide. The seed pod is long and narrow, almost cylindrical and usually very coiled and twisted. Its habitat is on the border of rain forests and in wet sclerophyll forests. It is found in Queensland south of Proserpine, along the NSW coastal regions especially in the Heathcote National Park and in the Illawarra coast region south of Sydney to Ulladulla. It is also found in Victoria at Newmerrella and at Lake Coringle near Orbost.

A.phlebophylla grows up to 4 meters tall. Its phyllodes are broad, short and range from 6 to 14 cm long and 3 to 9 cm wide. The seed pods are broad, straight, thick walled, leathery and not constricted between the seeds. It is found only in a narrow range of altitude in the granitic declivities on Mt. Buffalo in Victoria.

Usage: Smoking the phyllodes of A.phlebophyll or the bark of A.maidenii gives a mild hallucinogenic effect. The DMT can be extracted in methanol. DMT is only active when smoked or as a snuff. To be active orally harmine, a monoamineoxidase inhibitor needs to be ingested as well as the DMT.

Effects: Visual and tactile hallucinations

Active constituents: The bark of A.maidenii contains 0.36% DMT. The phyllodes (leaf like) of A.phlebophylla contain 0.3% DMT. The 0.24% N-methyl tryptamine in the bark of A.maidenii is probably not active at the these doses.

Malpighiaceae
Banisteriopsis muricata (=argentea), rusbyana (see Diplopterys cabrerana)
Both contain DMT (Smith [1977]).
Diplopterys cabrerana
Natives of western Amazon add DMT- and N-methyltryptamine containing leaves of the vine D. cabrerana to a drink made from Banisteriopsis caapi, which contains beta-carbolines harmine and harmaline, to heighten and lengthen the visions (Schultes [1977], Smith [1977]). D. cabrerana is also known as Banisteriopsis rusbyana.
Myristicaceae
Horsfieldia superba
Contains 5-MeO-DMT as well as a beta-carboline (Jossang et al [1991]).
Iryanthera macrophylla
The bark contains 5-MeO-DMT (Holmstedt et al [1980]).
Virola calophylla, calophylloidea, rufula, sebifera, theiodora
The bark resin of these trees is used to prepare hallucinogenic snuffs in northwestern Brazil by boiling, drying and pulverizing it. Sometimes leaves of a Justicia are added. The snuff acts rapidly and violently, "effects include excitement, numbness of the limbs, twitching of facial muscles, nausea, hallucinations, and finally a deep sleep; macroscopia is frequent and enters into Waika beliefs about the spirits resident in the drug." Snuffs made from V. theiodora bark contain up to 11% 5-MeO-DMT and DMT. Also leaves, roots and flowers contain DMT.

Amazonian Colombia natives roll small pellets of boiled resin in an evaporated filtrate of bark ashes of Gustavia Poeppigiana and ingest them to bring on a rapid intoxication (Smith [1977], Schultes [1977]).

Pandanaceae
Pandanus "Screw pine"
DMT has been isolated from Pandanus nuts growing in New Guinea (Barrau [1958], [1962]).
phalaris Poaceae
Arundo donax
Leaves, flowers and rhizomes contain DMT, bufotenine and related compounds (Ghosal et al [1972]).
Phalaris aquatica (tuberosa) (pictured), arundinacea
Leaves of P. arundinacea and leaves and seedlings of P. aquatica contain DMT, 5-MeO-DMT and related compounds (Smith [1977]). P. arundinacea plants are available from ..Of the jungle for $15.
Phragmites australis
Rhizomes contain DMT (Wassel et al [1985]).
psychotria Rubiaceae
Psychotria carthaginensis, viridis (psychotriaefolia)
Psychotria leaves are added to a hallucinogenic drink prepared from Banisteriopsis caapi and B. rusbyana (which contain beta-carbolines) to strengthen and lengthen the effects in western Amazon. P. carthaginensis and P. viridis both contain DMT (Rivier [1972]). 5 seeds of P. viridis cost $10 from ..Of the jungle.
Rutaceae
Dictyoloma incanescens
Bark contains 0.04% 5-MeO-DMT (Pachter et al [1959]).
Limonia acidissima
Contains DMT (Abu Zarga [1986]).
Melicope leptococca
Contains 5-MeO-DMT as well as 5-MeO-DMT-Oxide and a beta-carboline (Skaltsounis et al [1983]).
Vepris ampody
The leaves and branches contains up to 0.2% DMT (Kan-Fan [1970]).
Zanthoxylum aborescens
Contains DMT (Grina et al [1982]).

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